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Junior Paper Research

Page history last edited by Katherine Powell 6 years, 2 months ago

Additional Junior Paper Resources:  

Literary Criticism

Junior Paper Books (titles and descriptions)

Reference Books (for literary criticism)

CARS template on Google Docs

Primary Sources

Pictures, Charts and Tables in your paper

Gale for Juniors
Database Advanced Search Functions
Califano Instructions at bottom of page Metzgar - Author Biographical Research 
ATTENTION JUNIORS:  It is time to select the database password for your upcoming senior year. Submit your password suggestions by clicking on the Password button.  All juniors will vote on the suggestions in May. 


Discovery Search                Databases                        Books                     Internet Resources

Discovery Search

This is a mega super search.  EBSCO provides this resource to search our catalog and databases all at once. Many colleges and universities use similar tools.  It is a good way to get started but takes much practice to get the solid results you would get from searching each database separately. Please note that there are databases that Discovery does not cover, primarily the Proquest databases.  One of the perks of Discovery is being able to save the citation directly to Noodletools.





Includes American Government, American History, Daily Life Through History, Issues, Modern Genocide. The African American Experience, The American Indian Experience, The Latino American Experience, World at War and World History..  Search the databases one at a time or all at once.   Citation information available for articles.   Login with username and password on your ID card.


Britannica Annals of American History

A print reference source (Ref 974 ANNALS) gone digital.  All primary source documents.

Login with username and password on your ID card. Difficult to search, browse by time periods if keywords don't work.  Citation information available.


Britannica Original Sources

"Hundreds of thousands of primary source documents in history, literature, science, law, politics, religion and more..."  Search by topic, keyword and date.  Citation information provided.  Dictionary of American History is included in this database but is a tertiary, not primary source.



Powersearch in EBSCO. Login with username and password on your ID card.

To see MLA citation information: email, save or print.


Research databases


FactCite Defining Moments

Selected key events in U.S. history thoroughly examined with primary sources included.  MLA citation at bottom of articles.



Powersearch across multiple databases. Narrow down your results by looking at the Subject headings or doing an Advanced Search with boolean logic.  MLA citation information at bottom of each source.


Newsbank Historic Newspapers

We are currently testing out Newsbank's America's Historical Newspapers database. The username and password are ncd2075. We are considering using this as a replacement for Proquest SIRS Decades which will soon cease to exist. Let us know what you think of it in this brief survey.



A digital library that "provides access to more than 10 million journal articles, books and primary sources in 75 disciplines".  Reference to JSTOR articles is common when searching Google Scholar.  JSTOR is also included in our EBSCO Discovery search results.  Login with username, powayhigh but with the usual password.



Please note, SIRS Decades will not be available after April 30, 2018.  Save all documents that you may need prior to that date.




History Study Center

Very broad in scope.  Covers global ancient through current history.  Broken up into groups of information:  Study Units, Historical Documents, Maps and Reference, Multimedia, Journals.

Sir Decades: 20th Century American Sources is an electronic subscription resource containing primary source and reference content from the 20th century.

Citation example:

Carafano, James Jay. "West Point at War: Officer Attitudes and the Vietnam War 1966-72." Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 21,no. 4, 7 June 1996,

pp. 25+. Proquest History Study Center.


Citation example:

Stoddard, Lothrop. "Should the Negro Be Encouraged to Cultural Equality?" Forum, Oct. 1927, pp. 510-19. Proquest Sirs Decades.


Salem History

Salem Press, a book publisher has made much of it's reference books available online. Once you are at the site, click on the Remote Login tab and enter the PHS database password.  MLA citation information available.  You will need to register to send or save articles but this is a quick and easy process.  Includes Decades  (1920s - 2000s) reference encyclopedias and The American Immigration reference set.


World Book

Our online encyclopedia is a good place for authoritative introductory information.  Also contains primary source information for topics, see the right sidebar after your search.  MLA citation information at the bottom of the article.


Discovery Education

Excellent source for primary source photographs, complete with MLA citations.  

Login with your Novell username and password.




  • Search the library catalog using the names of the decades e.g. 1920s or look for topics like racism, immigration, women.
  • Browse the 973s and 305s of both the nonfiction shelves and the reference room.
  • Reference Print History Encyclopedias- These are all multiple volume sets.  Use the index or table of contents to access information.

          Some of the most comprehensive are listed by Call Number in the glog below. 




Additional Reference Books are available online via Gale Virtual Reference Library (you will need to login with username on the back of your ID card):


Some of the Reference Books available in ebook form are:

American Decades       American Decades Primary Sources      Americans at War     American Civil War Reference Library

Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th-Century American   

Social History of the United States        Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library     

U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library          Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources

Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources

Literature and Its Times: Profiles of 300 Notable Literary Works and the Historical Events that Influenced Them

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of American Literature




Internet Resources



Califano Instructions  


Primary Sources 


  • "Firsthand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation" (Yale University Library Primary Sources Research Colloquium).
  • "Work that was written at a time that is contemporary or nearly contemporary to the period or subject being studied" (Cantor and Schneider, How to Study History). For example using Mein Kampf to study Hitler's influence on the German people in the 1930s and 1940s.


Primary Source Formats:

  • Oral transmissions: speeches, music, interview, ballads, legends.
  • Written transmissions: diaries, letters, newspapers, census data, laws, government documents.
  • Visually transmitted sources:  photographs, cartoons, videos, architecture, artifacts, maps.


Most of the subscription databases and the Internet resources listed on this page contain primary sources.  You are required to use at least one in your paper. If you have trouble identifying or finding them see your librarian.


Additional Databases for Photographs:  Britannica ImagequestDiscovery Education



Pictures, Charts and Tables in your paper

Tables:  "A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles (do not use all capital letters). Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals. Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed" (MLA Handbook 4.5)

*apologies for spacing on the wiki samples, they are not exact*


Table 1.
Period of Entry of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population


  Estimated population
January 2009
Period of entry
All years
1995-1999 3,080,000 29
1990-1994 1,670,000 16
1985-1989 1,190,000 11
1980-1984 860,000 8














Source:  Hoefer, Michael, Rytina, Nancy and Bryan C. Baker. "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant

Population Residing in the United States: January 2009." Immigration Statistics. Office of Immigration Services,

U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security, Jan. 2010,  www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Unauthorized%20

Immigrant%20Population%20Estimates%20in%20the%20US%20January%202009.pdf. Accessed 27 Jan. 2017.


Pictures and Charts: MLA considers "any other type of illustrative visual material —for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—a Figure ( abbreviated Fig.), assigned an arabic numeral, and given a caption:  A label and caption ordinarily appear directly below the illustration and have the same one-inch margins as the text of the paper. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary" (MLA Handbook, 4.5).


When you refer to the figure in text do not capitalize fig. Also, if you choose to add a caption rather than the full source citation to your figure you will need to cite it completely in your works-cited.


How do I cite an image found through an online search engine like Google Images?

from the MLA Style Center.

How to cite an image on a website

from OWL Purdue




Fig. 1. H.C. White Co. Making Link Sausages--Machines Stuff 10 Ft.

per Second, Swift & Co.'s Packing House, Chicago, U.S.A. 1905.

Library of Congress, Washington D.C. ABC-CLIO American History.


In text reference:


Sinclair refers to conditions of workers in packing plants, both the supervisors and those on the line (see fig. 1) in hopes of "arousing sympathy for the conditions of the workers and promoting the cause of socialism" ("Pure Food and Drug Act").



Adding an illustration to your research paper that your writing in Google docs can be a little tricky.  Here is a how to guide if you need some help.



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